There are several ways to create shared storage either you can use physical storage like SAN and NAS. Also, you can create virtual storage using different tools or windows server iSCSI feature or FreeNAS, StarWind to create shared storage. In failover cluster shared storage is very important.
If you do not want to spend money on physical storage you can use these tools to create shared storage for WSFC. Here I will guide you on how to use windows server file storage rule to get shared storage for windows server failover cluster. iSCSI is the technology of windows server to share network volume among multiple users.
In windows server 2012 and 2012 r2 iSCSI is a much improved and mature feature older variant of windows server needs to install different packages to use the feature.
This article we will understand how to install and configure the iSCSI feature of windows server 2012.
Open server manager and click on add role and features.
Select the server on which you want to install the file and storage services.
Select features under file and storage services like file server and iSCSI target.
When the installation completed in the server manager click on file and storage services.
Under the menu of file and storage services click iSCSI.
Start the wizard to create a new iSCSI target and new virtual disk on any of the physical storage of the machine.
Give any useful name of the virtual disk and click next.
Enter the size of the virtual disk and select Dynamically expanding.
Now in the wizard create iSCSI targets on which you want to share this virtual disk.
Type the name of the iSCSI target and click next.
Click on add to enter target servers IP or domain names.
You can add further security with the CHAP authentication. We choose to skip this step.
Click on create and finish the wizard.
Virtual disk and the iSCSI target are created.
Now connect a client PC to the iSCSI target. Open the control panel of the client machine and select Administrative Tools and launch iSCSI Initiator.
Go to the Targets tab and enter the IP of the Target Server, then click Quick Connect to connect the virtual disk.
When you click quick connect it will complete the connection and status show connected.
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